Prostate Cancer Specialist in Sarasota FL
Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in men. It is generally a slow-growing disease and remains isolated in the prostate where its effects are not very harmful. In some cases, however, prostate cancer can be more aggressive, requiring swift treatment. For these reasons the Dr. Daniel Kaplon has created an excellent program for prostate cancer treatment at his clinic in Sarasota FL.
The most common type of prostate cancer is adenocarcinoma, which is cancer that starts in the gland cells. There are other, more rare types of prostate cancer such as small cell carcinoma, sarcomas and neuroendocrine tumors, but most of the time a prostate cancer patient suffers from adenocarcinoma. Approximately 1 in 6 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer in the U.S. Luckily, 5-year survival of prostate cancer is up to over 99% and deaths have reduced greatly due to overall awareness and advancements with treatment.
What is the Prostate?
The prostate is a gland that is only found in men that is used to assist in reproduction and sperm cell growth and production. It grows during puberty due to the rapid increase in male hormones and can sometimes slightly grow with age, but mostly stays about the size of a walnut.
What are the Symptoms of Prostate Cancer?
Many men in Sarasota don’t experience any symptoms, especially in early stages. More severe prostate cancer patients can experience:
- Blood in the urine
- Difficulty urinating
- Decreased force in urinary stream
- Bloody Semen
- Erectile Dysfunction
- Urinary Incontinence
- Pain in the spine or hips
Should any symptoms arise that are concerning, it may be wise to make an appointment with a Dr. Kaplon so that the cause of symptoms may be diagnosed.
Risk Factors for Prostate Cancer
The following risk factors can increase your chances of getting prostate cancer:
- Age – Prostate cancer is most common in men after the age of 50, and 60% of cases are men over the age of 65. There’s not a lot of reason to get examined before the age of 40-50.
- Race – Prostate cancer is more prominent in African Americans
- Family History – Some evidence suggests that prostate cancer may be a genetic factor and inherited. Having a direct relative with prostate cancer increases your risk
- Diet – It’s not a definitive factor, but some studies link men who eat a lot of red meat and high-dairy products and eat less fruits and vegetables have more of a risk to develop prostate cancer.
How is Prostate Cancer Diagnosed?
Some of thesymptoms of Prostate Cancer can also just be symptoms of benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH), so it’s really hard to detect. Therefore, it’s extremely important to get screened by either digital rectal exam (DRE) or prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test.
PSA – This method is usually for men in early stages without symptoms and is the first test done most of the time.
DRE – In this method, the doctor will probe for lumps on the prostate with a lubricated glove. If you do have prostate cancer, this way is good to detect which side the cancer may be on, rather than just knowing whether you have cancer or not.
While these exams can detect an abnormality in the prostate, they do not conclusively determine if prostate cancer is present. Further tests in the full diagnosis of prostate cancer include:
- An ultrasound, in which a probe is inserted into the rectum to capture an image of the prostate.
- A prostate biopsy can be effective in the examination for prostate cancer. A sample of prostate tissue is collected and examined in a laboratory.
Because prostate cancer can be fairly idle, more tests can be done to determine the aggressiveness of the disease. This can be done with the biopsy already obtained. The cancer cells are compared with healthy prostate cells to reach a conclusion regarding how quickly the disease is spreading.
There are a few other less common ways to diagnose prostate cancer, so check with Dr. Kaplon at his office in Sarasota to see what might be appropriate for your case.
Treatment for Prostate Cancer in Sarasota
Once you are diagnosed with prostate cancer, it is important to work closely with Dr. Kaplon to go over your case and discuss the best treatment option for you. Some of those include:
- Active surveillance to monitor cancer growth or lack thereof
- Surgery to remove the cancerous cells
- Radiation therapy
- Minimally-Invasive Prostatectomy
- Vaccine treatment
- Bone-directed for cases where the cancer has spread to the bones
Treatment is done entirely on a case-by-case basis. Consult with Dr. Kaplon after you’re diagnosed to discuss what the best option may be. Prostate cancer can be easily treatable if detected early and avoided altogether if the right precautions are taking. Visit www.cancer.org for specific information on prostate cancer prevention on treatment
If you have any questions regarding prostate cancer, consult Dr. Kaplon by calling (941) 917-5400.